Erastus Snow

WASHINGTON COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY     (Washington County, Utah)

ERASTUS FAIRBANKS SNOW

(early settler and church leader)

BIOGRAPHY

Erastus Snow, son of Levi and Lucina Snow, was born November 19, 1818, in St. Johnsbury, Vermont.

When he was fourteen years old, two missionaries from the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints visited his family and taught them the principles of salvation as outlined by the Prophet Joseph Smith and found in the Book of Mormon. After listening to their message, most of the family (excluding the father and two sons) eventually joined the Church. Erastus Snow was baptized on February 3, 1833, by his older brother William.Erastus Snow developed a great love for the gospel and studied the scriptures diligently to become more conversant with Church doctrine. In addition to his studies, he eagerly served the Church by spending a great amount of time sharing his testimony with others.

On June 28, 1834, when 16 years old, he was ordained to the office of a Teacher in the Aaronic Priesthood and less than five months later to the office of Priest. On August 16, 1835, he was ordained an elder in the Melchizedek Priesthood and from that time forward became very active in missionary work, preaching the gospel in many part of the United State and Europe. Many people accepted Mormonism as a result of his labors.

In addition to his missionary work, Snow participated in several significant events in early Church history. In 1835, he met the Prophet Joseph Smith in Kirtland Ohio, and while there attended a special Elder's School with 300 other elders.

When persecution increased in Kirtland, he helped relocate the Church to Far West, Missouri, where he later married his first wife, Artemesia Beman, on December 3, 1838.

With the intensification of anti-Mormon persecution in Far West, the saints were forced to flee again, this time to Nauvoo. While residing in Nauvoo, Snow married a second wife, Minerve White, in January of 1846 in compliance with the doctrine of plural marriage as instituted by Joseph Smith. Later he married a third wife, Elizabeth R. Ashby, on December 19, 1847, and a fourth wife, Julia Josephine Spencer, on April 11, 1856.

Under the leadership of Brigham Young, Joseph Smith's successor, Erastus Snow and his family left their home in Nauvoo to migrate to the Great Basin where the Saints hoped to find rest from the continued persecution. In his move he organized and led various parties of the saints.

After their arrival in the Salt Lake Valley, he was called to serve in a Stake Presidency, and in 1849 he was ordained a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. As an apostle he served a mission to Denmark and was responsible for the translation of the Book of Mormon, the Doctrine and Covenants, and other Church literature into the Danish language.

After returning, he was appointed to organize and supervise the settlement of Church members in Southern Utah. He was the presiding Mormon leader during the colonization of St. George.

In these and many other assignments he served efficiently and enthusiastically until his death in Salt Lake City on May 27, 1888.


FAMILY

Parents and Siblings:
    Levi Snow
    Lucina Streeter Snow
        Shipley Wilson Snow
        Zerrubbabel Snow
        Levi Mason Snow
        Mary Minerva "Millie" Snow
        Charles Van Ranssalaen Snow  
        Melissa Diantha Snow
        Lucina Snow
        Willard Trowbridge Snow
        Erastus Fairbanks Snow
        Lydia Morrison Snow
        William Snow

(7/22/1782-11/2/1841)   (married 11/29/1801)
(10/16/1785-11/9/1858)
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First Wife and Children:
    Artimesia Beeman Snow
        Sarah Lucina Snow
        James Snow
        Charles Henry Snow
        Mahonri Moriancumr Snow  
        Artimesia Snow
        Erastus Beaman Snow
        Franklin Richard Snow
        Mary Louisa Snow
        Moroni Snow
        Orson Snow
        George Albert Snow


(3/3/1819-12/21/1882)   (married 12/13/1838)
(1/21/1841-4/11/1928)   (married George Washington Thurston on 3/28/1858)
(4/28/1842-xx/xx/xxxx)   (married Xxxxxxx X. Xxxxxxxx)
(3/24/1844-xx/xx/xxxx)   (married Xxxxxxx X. Xxxxxxxx)
(1/4/1847-xx/xx/xxxx)   (married Xxxxxxx X. Xxxxxxxx)
(2/8/1849-xx/xx/xxxx)   (married Xxxxxxx X. Xxxxxxxx)
(5/10/1853-9/22/1900)   (married Elida Ann Crosby and Ann Stafford)
(9/21/1854-xx/xx/xxxx)   (married Xxxxxxx X. Xxxxxxxx)
(1/29/1856-xx/xx/xxxx)   (married Xxxxxxx X. Xxxxxxxx)
(5/13/1858-xx/xx/xxxx)   (married Xxxxxxx X. Xxxxxxxx)
(3/28/1860-xx/xx/xxxx)   (married Xxxxxxx X. Xxxxxxxx)
(10/31/1861-xx/xx/xxxx)   (married Xxxxxxx X. Xxxxxxxx)

Second Wife and Children:
    Minerva White Snow
        Hyrum Smith Snow
        Erastus White Snow
        Mary Minerva Snow
        Levi Mason Snow
        Alden Snow
        Nephi Snow
        Louisa White Snow
        Susan Snow
        Willard Trowbridge Snow


(3/22/1822-4/1/1896)   (married 4/2/1844)
(xx/xx/xxxx-xx/xx/xxxx)   (married Xxxxxxx X. Xxxxxxxx)
(xx/xx/xxxx-xx/xx/xxxx)   (married Xxxxxxx X. Xxxxxxxx)
(xx/xx/xxxx-xx/xx/xxxx)   (married Xxxxxxx X. Xxxxxxxx)
(xx/xx/xxxx-xx/xx/xxxx)   (married Xxxxxxx X. Xxxxxxxx)
(xx/xx/xxxx-xx/xx/xxxx)   (married Xxxxxxx X. Xxxxxxxx)
(xx/xx/xxxx-xx/xx/xxxx)   (married Xxxxxxx X. Xxxxxxxx)
(xx/xx/xxxx-xx/xx/xxxx)   (married Xxxxxxx X. Xxxxxxxx)
(xx/xx/xxxx-xx/xx/xxxx)   (married Xxxxxxx X. Xxxxxxxx)
(xx/xx/xxxx-xx/xx/xxxx)   (married Xxxxxxx X. Xxxxxxxx)

Third Wife:
    Achsah Wing Snow


(3/15/1788-9/18/1868)   (married 1/30/1846) Widowed mother of Minerva

Fourth Wife:
    Elizabeth Rebecca Ashby Snow


(5/7/1831-6/12/1915)   (married 12/19/1847)

Fifth Wife and Children:
    Julia Josephine Spencer Snow
        Edward Hunter Snow
        William Spencer Snow
        Amelia Spencer Snow
        Joseph Smith Snow
        Mary Brown Snow
        Maude Rosamund Snow


(4/9/1837-10/31/1909)   (married 4/11/1856)
(6/23/1865-7/18/1932)   (married Sarah Hannah Nelson)
(7/21/1867-9/10/1892)   (married Emily "Millie" Henrietta Eyring)
(1/15/1871-1/13/1886)
(2/11/1873-10/27/1937)   (married Olive Thompson Bleak)
(10/08/1875-3/08/1893)
(3/14/1879-11/26/1939)

Sixth Wife:
    Matilda Wells Streeper Snow


(2/13/1815-10/10/1892)   (married 11/16/1882)


PHOTOS

Erastus Snow
WCHS-01468   Erastus Snow

Photos on the web:
Photo of Erastus Snow
Collection of Erastus Snow photos


REFERENCES

Wikipedia article on Erastus Snow

Utah History Encyclopedia article on Erastus Snow

Grampa Bill's General Authority Pages article on Erastus Snow

Edwin Woolley Jr. and Erastus Snow Family Collection in the Harold B. Lee Library special collections

Notes on the families of Erastus Snow

Erastus Snow: The Life of a Missionary and Pioneer for the Early Mormon Church
by Karl Andrew Larson
University of Utah Press: Salt Lake City, 1971

Find-A-Grave entry for Erastus Fairbanks Snow

Find-A-Grave entry for Artimesia Beaman Snow

Find-A-Grave entry for Minerva White Snow

Find-A-Grave entry for Achsah Wing Snow

Find-A-Grave entry for Elizabeth Rebecca Ashby Snow

Find-A-Grave entry for Julia Josephine Spencer Snow

Find-A-Grave entry for Matilda Wells Streeper