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WASHINGTON COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY     (Washington County, Utah)

THE DOMINGUEZ-ESCALANTE TRAIL

(1776 Expedition)

In 1776, two Fransiscan friars, Dominguez and Escalante, were sent to search for an overland route from Santa Fe New Mexico to the recently established settlement at Monterey California. They made it as far as Southern Utah before being overtaken by winter and deciding to return to Santa Fe. They were one of the first, if not the first, white men to visit Washington County.


ROUTE

Map of the Dominguez-Escalante Trail

Map of the Dominguez-Escalante Trail

Santa Fe (July 29)
Western Colorado
Crossed the Utah border near the present-day quarry in Dinosaur National Monument (September 12)
Crossed the Green River and ascended the Duchesne and Strawberry Rivers
Passed from the Uinta Basin into the drainage of Diamond Fork
Descended to the Spanish Fork River
Nearing Utah Valley, they left the river bank to climb a high prominence near the present-day Spanish Oaks Golf Course
Utah Valley (September 24)
Pahvant Valley
Pahvant Butte
Clear Lake Waterfowl Refuge
Milford (October 5)
Cedar City
San Daniel Camp (October 13)
Hurricane
Padre Bay
Oraibi
Santa Fe (January 2)


HISTORY

They left Santa Fe on July 29, 1776.

Expedition members included:
    Father Francisco Atanasio Dominguez
    Father Silvestre Velez de Escalante
    Bernado Miera y Pachecho (a retired military engineer)
    Don Juan Pedro Cisneros (the chief administrative officer of Zuni)
    Andres Muniz (had accompanied Rivera on a 1775 expedition and was fluent in the Ute language)
    Silvestre (a Timpanogot Indian guide)
    Joaquin (a Timpanogot Indian guide)
    Jose Maria (a Timpanogot Indian guide)
    ???
    ???
    ???
    ???
    ???
    ???

On October 5, 1776, they were caught by a heavy snowstorm just north of where Milford is now.

Between Milford and Cedar City there was a disagreement among the expedition members about whether to return home or push on. They "left it up to God" by drawing straws and so the decision was made to return to Santa Fe.

On October 13, 1776, they camped at the San Daniel campsite, where Exit 33 of I-15 is now.

They arrived back in Santa Fe on January 2, 1777, after a journey of more than 1,700 miles.


PHOTOS

Dominguez-Escalante San Daniel Campsite


Dominguez-Escalante Trail Marker         Dominguez-Escalante Trail Marker

The above three photos, WCHS-00156, WCHS-00158, and WCHS-00159 are from the Dominguez-Escalante San Daniel Campsite at I-15 Exit 33.

Other WCHS photos:
WCHS-00157     Photo of the Dominguez-Escalante San Daniel Campsite Sign at I-15 Exit 33


REFERENCES

Utah History to Go article about the Dominguez-Escalante Expedition
Suite101.com article about the Dominguez-Escalante Expedition
Utah History to Go article about The Crossing of the Fathers
Diary of Dominguez & Escalante and related notes
Teaching materials for the Dominguez & Escalante Expedition
Wikipedia article about Francisco Atanasio Dominguez
Wikipedia article about Silvestre Velez de Escalante
Maps drawn by Escalante at the Library of Congress

"The Dominguez Escalante Journal: Their Expedition Through Colorado Utah Azrizona and New Mexico in 1776"
by Ted J. Warner
Paperback book

"Virgin Water: Below the Confluence"
by Richard Kohler
Page 16.
To view, click here