CCC patch

WASHINGTON COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY     (Washington County, Utah)

VIRGIN CCC CORRAL

Between LaVerkin and Virgin, Utah

LOCATION

Aerial view of the Virgin CCC Corral     On the south side of SR 9, 3.4 miles east of LaVerkin
        and 0.9 miles east of the LaVerkin overlook sign.
    2.7 miles west of Virgin and 1.5 miles west
        of Sheep Bridge Road.

    37° 12' 29" North Latitude,   113° 14' 14" West Longitude
    37.208° North Latitude,   113.237° West Longitude
    3,627 feet (1,106 meters) MSL

    Virgin CCC Corral vicinity
    To expand this image, click here.


DESCRIPTION

This "cedar-post-corral" was built with closely spaced posts cut from juniper trees and tied together with heavy wire to make a solid fence.

There was a chute for loading the live stock onto trucks. After loading, the trucks then transported the market livestock to railcars in Modena or Cedar City in Utah or to Lund, Nevada.

This corral's design was unique in that it was built to accomodate both sheep and cattle. There are two side-by-side crowding alleys leading to the loading chute. One alley was built with taller posts for handling cattle, while the second adjoining alley was built with shorter posts to accomodate sheep. The shorter fence allowed the sheep herders to easily reach the animals and keep them moving through the alley to the loading chute.


HISTORY

This corral was built by the Civilian Conservation Corp (CCC) to assist in the management of livestock (sheep and cattle) which grazed on the public lands. This type of cedar-post-corral was called a Unit Corral.

Kolob and Cedar Mountain were primarily sheep country when this corral was built. The corral was used to hold herds overnight as they were trailed to or from Kolob and Cedar Mountain to their winter pastures on the Arizona Strip. I was the main location for the sheep to be sheared of their winter wool before going onto the mountain for the summer. It was not uncommon to see several herds of sheep out in these flats waiting for their turn to be sheared. After shearing, the wool was put into large burlap bags that held about 200 pounds of wool each. These bags were then hauled to the railhead and shipped to market.

As sheep were replaced by cattle, the focus of the corral changed. Since the location of the corral was actually a few miles west of the main trail, it wasn't used for this purpose as often as it might otherwise would have.

At least five [CCC?] corrals were built in Washington County. This was the largest of the five with another large one in Pine Valley. Smaller ones included the CCC Corral just north of Gunlock. Two of the corrals no longer exist: One in Central and one in St. George (in the Fort Pierce Industrial Area).

Additional corrals were also built on the Arizona Strip including Gould's, White Pockets, Clayholes, Short Creek, Fredonia, and Littlefield.


PHOTOS

Virgin CCC Corral
WCHS-03231   Photo of the Virgin CCC Corral

Other WCHS photos:
WCHS-03140   Photo of the Virgin CCC Corral in Virgin, Utah
WCHS-03141   Photo of the Virgin CCC Corral in Virgin, Utah
WCHS-03142   Photo of the Virgin CCC Corral in Virgin, Utah
WCHS-03227   Photo of the CCC Corrals plaque at the new informational kiosk at the Virgin CCC Corral
WCHS-03232   Photo of the animal loading ramp at the Virgin CCC Corral
WCHS-03233   Photo of the animal loading ramp at the Virgin CCC Corral
WCHS-03234   Photo of a holding pen at the Virgin CCC Corral
WCHS-03235   Photo of a holding pen at the Virgin CCC Corral
WCHS-03236   Photo of a holding pen at the Virgin CCC Corral
WCHS-03237   Photo of the south end of the Virgin CCC Corral
WCHS-03238   Photo of the south pen at the Virgin CCC Corral
WCHS-03239   Photo of the south pen at the Virgin CCC Corral
WCHS-03240   Photo of the southern part of the Virgin CCC Corral
WCHS-03241   Photo of the chute leading to the loading ramp at the Virgin CCC Corral
WCHS-03242   Photo of the chute leading to the loading ramp at the Virgin CCC Corral
WCHS-03243   Photo of the southwest corner of the VirginCCC Corral
WCHS-03244   Photo of the west fence of the Virgin CCC Corral
WCHS-03245   Photo of the west fence of the Virgin CCC Corral


REFERENCES

TBD